document – usa: the case of the cuban five
DOCUMENT – USA: THE CASE OF THE CUBAN FIVE.
Background and history of the case
This report describes Amnesty International’s concerns about the fairness of the trial of five men imprisoned in the USA since 1998 on charges related to their activities as intelligence agents for the Cuban government. The men, known as the Cuban Five, are Cuban nationals Fernando González (aka Ruben Campa), Gerardo Hernández and Ramón Labañino (aka Luis Medina), and US nationals Antonio Guerrero and René González. All are serving long prison sentences in US federal prisons.
The five are reported to have been among a group of intelligence agents known as the Wasp Network (La Red Avispa), headed by Cuba’s Directorate of Intelligence, which infiltrated Cuban-American groups in Florida who support regime change in Cuba. They were arrested in September 1998 and charged with conspiring to act as unregistered agents of the Republic of Cuba, and related offences. At their trial, the US government alleged that, as well as monitoring anti-Castro groups, the Wasp network reported to Cuba about the operation of US military facilities, including the Key West Naval Air Station in Florida, where one of the five was employed as a labourer. Two of the five were alleged to have supervised attempts by other agents to penetrate the Miami facility of Southern Command, which oversees operations of US military forces in Latin America and the Caribbean.1